Over the next 2-3 months in Ethereum planned implementation of hybrid Protocol Casper, which will combine the parameters of the algorithms of consensus Proof-Of-Work and Proof-Of-Stake. During the conference, Edcon is the founder of the platform Vitalik Buterin talked about the upcoming update and the system of remuneration of stakanov.
We emphasize that with the increase in steak an interest rate significantly decreases. So, when steak 2.5 million tokens ETH annual fee will be 10%, with 10 million ETH — 5%, with 40 million ETH — 2,5%. The penalties can range from 1% to 100% depending on circumstances.
If Staker is offline half or more takingover period, the network applies punitive measures. But, if all other scenery are constantly online, then theoretically a separate wallet can be offline half the time and still get rewarded.
However, if individual node or VPS was hacked or something happened to the drive where you installed the wallet, which led to incorrect behavior of only one certain Staker, it costs him 2%, however, the penalties increase dramatically if other scenery at the same time behave incorrect (in the case of 1% of takerow the penalty is 5%, 10% — 32%). The size of the penalty determines the mechanism of the quadratic leakage.
The problem of large steningevik pools, said Buterin, is that if an attacker will make an attack on this pool, collective fines will be much higher.
Earlier, the developers of Ethereum approved upgrade options Casper FFG.